Past Tense

Materi lengkap dan contoh soal past tense – simple past, past continuous, past perfect, past perfect continuous. Disertai dengan latihan soal online.

Contoh Soal Past Tense

Apa Itu Past Tense ?

Past Tense digunakan untuk menggambarkan pekerjaan yang dimulai di waktu lampau dan berakhir di waktu lampau atau bisa juga masih berlangsung hingga kini.

Menurut Kamus Merriam-Webster, past tense didefinisikan sebagai:

a verb tense expressing action or state in or as if in the past:

– a verb tense expressive of elapsed time (such as wrote in “on arriving I wrote a letter”)

– a verb tense expressing action or state in progress or continuance or habitually done or customarily occurring at a past time (such as was writing in “I was writing while he dictated” or loved in “their sons loved fishing”)

Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Terdapat beberapa bentuk past tense yang umum digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris yaitu: Simple Past, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, serta Past Perfect Continuous.

Mari kita pelajari lebih lanjut mengenai berbagai contoh soal past tense dalam artikel ini.

Simple Past Tense

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Infinitive + ed

atau

bentuk lampau (atau kolom ke-2) dari Irregular Verb

Contoh Simple Past Tense

– My brother drank the milk last night. (Kalimat Positif)
– My brother did not drink the milk last night. (Kalimat Negatif)
Did my brother drink the milk last night? (Kalimat Tanya)

Kapan Kita Menggunakan Simple Past Tense ?

Kita menggunakan simple past tense saat kita ingin:

Menyatakan kejadian lampau yang juga berakhir di waktu lampau, biasanya disertai waktu terjadinya.
– We visited Bandung last year.

Menyatakan kebiasaan masa lalu (mirip dengan penggunaan used to).
– I played the guitar when I was young.

Menyatakan durasi sebuah kejadian di masa lalu (disertai penggunaan for).
– We lived in Minnesota for 9 years.

Past Continuous Tense

Rumus Past Continuous Tense

was / were + infinitive + ing

Contoh Past Continuous Tense

– She was writing a letter at 5 pm yesterday. (Kalimat Positif)
– She was not writing a letter at 5 pm yesterday. (Kalimat Negatif)
Was she writing a letter at 5 pm yesterday? (Kalimat Tanya)

Kapan Kita Menggunakan Past Continuous Tense ?

Menyatakan kejadian lampau yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu tertentu.
– Jodie was watching TV at seven o’clock yesterday.

Menyatakan dua kejadian lampau yang sedang berlangsung secara bersamaan.
– While Virna was swimming, David was reading newspaper.

Menyatakan kejadian lampau yang disela oleh kejadian lainnya.
– Dina was writing a letter when the teacher came into the class.

Past Perfect Tense

Rumus Past Perfect Tense

had + past participle

Contoh Past Perfect Tense

– Dani had read the book before he went to bed. (Kalimat Positif)
– Dani had not read the book before he went to bed. (Kalimat Negatif)
Had Dani read the book before he went to bed? (Kalimat Tanya)

Kapan Kita Menggunakan Past Perfect Tense ?

Menyatakan suatu peristiwa lampau yang berakhir sebelum kejadian lampau lainnnya.
– Rudi had studied German language before he went to Germany.

Membuat kalimat tak langsung atau indirect speech.
– I told the teacher that I had finished my project.

Menyatakan penyesalan atas perbuatan di masa lalu.
– He wished he hadn’t spent all his money on gambling.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Rumus Past Perfect Continuous Tense

had + been + infinitive + ing

Contoh Past Perfect Continuous Tense

– Maria had been cleaning the room when her friends arrived. (Kalimat Positif)
– Maria had not been cleaning the room when her friends arrived. (Kalimat Negatif)
Had Maria been cleaning the room when her friends arrived? (Kalimat Tanya)

Kapan Kita Menggunakan Past Perfect Continuous Tense ?

Kalimat past perfect continuous tense biasanya digunakan ketika:

Menyatakan kejadian lampau yang telah berlangsung beberapa saat hingga kejadian lampau lainnya.
– Raffi Ahmad had been cleaning his electric car when it started to rain.

Menyatakan peristiwa yang dimulai di masa lampau dan masih berlangsung di saat itu.
– It had been raining all day.

Contoh Kalimat Past Tense

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense

1. I ate breakfast at 7 am this morning. (Irregular Verb)

2. I woke up early and went for a run this morning. (Irregular Verb)

3. My dad watched a movie at the cinema last week. (Regular Verb)

4. Yesterday, I went to the mall and bought new shoes. (Irregular Verb)

5. They threw a birthday party for my friend last month. (Irregular Verb)

6. I finished my homework last night and went to bed late. (Regular and Irregular Verb)

7. She walked to the park and played with her dog yesterday. (Regular Verb)

8. He watched a movie and ate popcorn last night. (Regular and Irregular Verb)

9. They visited their grandparents and had lunch on Sunday. (Regular and Irregular Verb)

10. The concert ended at midnight and everyone went home. (Regular and Irregular Verb)

Contoh Kalimat Past Continuous Tense

1. He was working on his project all night yesterday.

2. They were playing football when it started to rain.

3. She was typing an email when the power went out.

4. I was studying in the library when my friend called me.

5. The kids were watching TV when their mom walked in.

6. She was cooking dinner while he was setting the table.

7. He was exercising at the gym when he sprained his ankle.

8. The kids were playing with their toys when their parents arrived home.

9. They were talking about their vacation plans when I walked into the room.

10. I was studying for my exam when my roommate started playing loud music.

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

1. She had already eaten breakfast before I woke up.

2. I had seen that movie before, so I knew the ending.

3. He had finished his work before he went on vacation.

4. The train had left by the time we arrived at the station.

5. She had written the essay by the time the deadline arrived.

6. They had visited that city before, so they knew their way around.

7. I had finished my homework before my friend came over to play.

8. The store had sold out of the item before I had a chance to buy it.

9. They had already visited Europe twice before they decided to go to Asia.

10. He had studied English for several years before he moved to the United States.

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense

1. I had been studying for three hours before I took a break.

2. They had been hiking for hours before they reached the summit.

3. By the time I got home, he had been cooking dinner for two hours.

4. They had been waiting for the bus for half an hour before it arrived.

5. He had been working on the project for weeks before he submitted it.

6. The flowers had been growing for months before they finally bloomed.

7. She had been studying French for five years before she moved to Paris.

8. She had been practicing the piano every day for a year before her recital.

9. The car had been making strange noises for weeks before it finally broke down.

10. We had been planning the party for weeks before it was cancelled due to the pandemic.

Contoh Past Tense Dalam Kalimat Positif (+), Kalimat Negatif (-), dan Kalimat Tanya (?)

Berikut ini adalah 4 jenis past tense dalam bentuk kalimat positif atau pernyataan, kalimat negatif atau penyangkalan, serta kalimat interogatif atau pertanyaan.

Contoh Soal Past Tense dan Jawaban

Contoh Soal Past Tense 1

What ……. you do yesterday?

a) did
b) do
c) does
d) doing

Jawaban: a) did

Penjelasan:

Simple past tense digunakan dalam contoh soal past tense di atas, yaitu untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat tanya, kita menggunakan kata kerja bantu “did” diikuti oleh kata kerja bentuk dasar.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 2

When I called her, she ……. dinner.

a) cooked
b) cooks
c) was cooking
d) is cooking

Jawaban: c) was cooking

Penjelasan:

Past continuous tense digunakan dalam contoh soal past tense di atas, yaitu untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada suatu titik waktu di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “was cooking” menunjukkan bahwa pada saat saya meneleponnya, dia sedang memasak.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 3

By the time we arrived, they ……. already left.

a) have
b) had
c) has
d) having

Jawaban: b) had

Penjelasan:

Past perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi sebelum kegiatan lain di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “had already left” menunjukkan bahwa keberangkatan mereka terjadi sebelum kedatangan kita.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 4

She ……. tired because she ……. all day.

a) was / worked
b) is / works
c) were / working
d) has been / working

Jawaban: a) was / worked

Penjelasan:

Past perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang berlangsung untuk jangka waktu tertentu sebelum titik waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

Dalam kalimat ini, “was tired” menunjukkan keadaan pada masa lampau, sedangkan “worked all day” menunjukkan kegiatan yang berlangsung untuk jangka waktu tertentu di masa lampau sebelum keadaan tersebut.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 5

Last year, I ……. to Paris for vacation.

a) go
b) goes
c) went
d) going

Jawaban: c) went

Penjelasan:

Simple past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “went” adalah bentuk lampau dari kata kerja “to go”.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 6

While I ……. TV, my phone ……. ringing.

a) watch / was
b) watched / is
c) watching / was
d) watching / is

Jawaban: c) watching / was

Penjelasan:

Past continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada suatu titik waktu di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “watching” (sedang menonton) adalah bentuk past continuous dari “to watch”, sementara “was ringing” menunjukkan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu yang sama di masa lampau.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 7

By the time he arrived, they ……. the party.

a) leave
b) leaves
c) left
d) leaving

Jawaban: c) left

Penjelasan:

Past perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi sebelum kegiatan lain di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “left” adalah bentuk past perfect dari “to leave”, menunjukkan bahwa keberangkatan mereka terjadi sebelum kedatangan dia.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 8

She ……. tired because she ……. all day.

a) is / working
b) was / works
c) were / worked
d) had been / working

Jawaban: d) had been / working

Penjelasan:

Past perfect continuous tense digunakan dalam contoh soal past tense di atas, yaitu untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang berlangsung untuk jangka waktu tertentu sebelum titik waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

Dalam kalimat ini, “had been” menunjukkan bahwa keadaan “tired” terjadi sebelum kegiatan “working” yang berlangsung sepanjang hari.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 9

She ……. her keys on the table.

a) leaves
b) leaving
c) leave
d) left

Jawaban: d) left

Penjelasan:

Simple past tense digunakan dalam contoh soal past tense di atas, yaitu untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lampau. Dalam kalimat ini, “left” adalah bentuk lampau dari kata kerja “to leave”.

Contoh Soal Past Tense 10

When I arrived, they ……. basketball.

a) play
b) played
c) plays
d) were playing

Jawaban: d) were playing

Penjelasan:

Past continuous tense digunakan dalam contoh soal past tense di atas, yaitu untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada suatu titik waktu di masa lampau.

Dalam kalimat ini, “playing” (sedang bermain) adalah bentuk past continuous dari “to play”.

Setelah mempelajari berbagai contoh soal past tense di atas, cobalah untuk mengerjakan latihan soal past tenses di bawah ini.

Latihan Soal Past Tense

Berikut ini daftar 10 besar peserta dengan nilai tertinggi. Bila nama kamu belum tercantum, segera ikuti latihan soal past tense di bawah ini.

Pos.NamePoints
1Kiki50

Kalau kalian belum berhasil lulus, kerjakan ulang latihan soal ini. Soal diambil secara acak dari bank soal contohsoalku.com yang memuat ribuan soal di dalamnya.

Selamat Mengerjakan!

PAST TENSE

Petunjuk Pengerjaan
Durasi Tes: 10 menit
Jumlah soal: 20 soal
Nilai Jawaban Benar: 5
Nilai Benar Semua: 100
Nilai Minimal Lulus: 80

1 / 20

A policeman ..... me crossing the street yesterday.

2 / 20

He asked the children who . . . . the book.

3 / 20

Who . . . . to see me last week?

4 / 20

Neither your parents nor I . . . . very glad of the fact that you failed your Math exam.

5 / 20

He met me with the bird in his hand. It . . . . curiously at me.

6 / 20

Turning I found my father sitting beside me on the sofa. I said "How . . . . you . . . . here?"

7 / 20

- I'll drink tea from this tin mug.

- Where ..... you ..... it?

8 / 20

- What a luck. I haven't seen you for ages.

- When . . . . we . . . . last time?

9 / 20

What . . . . you . . . . at 5 p.m. yesterday?

10 / 20

She never ..... to eat soup.

11 / 20

- Why ..... you go to the plant?

- I ..... no time.

12 / 20

It was dark and cold. At one moment he thought that he ..... his way.

13 / 20

He . . . . barely . . . . of him until that evening.

14 / 20

The dentist . . . . two of his teeth. One of them . . . . quite good.

15 / 20

So, the invisible man . . . . into the shop and . . . . down.

16 / 20

Yesterday at this time it . . . . .

17 / 20

Did you . . . . or . . . . the potatoes?

18 / 20

I . . . . to do it but I . . . . no time. I was very busy.

19 / 20

We . . . . the station by 5 o'clock yesterday.

20 / 20

She . . . . you a letter three weeks ago.

Sedang menilai .....

Penutup

Mempelajari berbagai macam contoh soal past tense beserta penggunaannya dapat membuat kita paham lebih dalam mengenai tenses dalam bahasa Inggris. Sekaligus membuat lawan bicara atau pembaca tulisan kita lebih mudah dalam memahami konteks waktu dari apa yang kita sampaikan.

Demikian materi lengkap tentang contoh soal past tense yang umum digunakan dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris. Sekilas, kita mungkin akan dibuat bingung dengan banyaknya jenis-jenis past tense tersebut. Namun dengan melihat contoh penggunaannya, sambil kita berlatih membuat contoh past tense sendiri, lama-lama kita akan makin paham dengan tiap jenis-jenis past tense.

Bila ada saran atau koreksi, silakan tulis di kolom komentar. Semoga kita semua diberikan kemudahan dalam memahami dan mengamalkannya. Amin.

Gambar Gravatar
Syaiful Bachri adalah seorang insinyur mekanik. Saat ini dia sibuk di dunia engineering dan pendidikan, sambil menyalurkan hobinya dalam menulis artikel.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *